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About Babies’ Checkups

Babies need regular checkups with a pediatric healthcare provider, especially in their first year. Checkups are also called well-baby visits. As your baby gets older they will need fewer checkups. Regular checkups and vaccines can prevent many childhood health problems.

Babies' Checkups

What Happens at a Checkup

At each well-baby visit, the provider will watch what your baby can do and ask how you and your baby are doing. You can ask questions and talk about your worries. They will check on your baby’s health and growth. The provider will also talk and play with your baby to see how they play, learn, speak, act and move.

The provider will measure your baby’s height and weight and check their vision and hearing. Your baby may have other tests, for things like lead poisoning or low iron in the blood. They will also look at your baby’s mouth and can help you find a dentist for your baby.


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Help for Ongoing Illnesses

If your baby has an ongoing health problem, checkups help them get the right treatments and stay as healthy as possible. Checkups can help prevent visits to the emergency room.

Babies' Checkups

Example Checkup Schedule

Schedules can vary, but here are recommended well-baby checks and procedures.

  • Birth to 5 days old: Vision, hearing and blood tests; First vaccine
  • By 1 month: May get vaccine
  • 2 months: Vaccines
  • 4 months: Vaccines
  • 6 months: Vaccines
  • 9 months: May get vaccines
  • 12 months: Blood test for anemia
  • 15 months: May get vaccines
  • 18 months: May get vaccines
  • 24 months: May get vaccines

How to Have a Useful Checkup

  • Bring a list of all your baby’s medicines, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal remedies.
  • Bring a list of all your questions about your baby’s health.
  • Ask all the questions you have about how your baby is developing.
  • Ask how to take your baby’s temperature.
  • Try to go to the same doctor or health center for all checkups. The doctor will get to know you and your baby, and their records will be in one place. It may be easier to talk about your concerns if you already know the doctor.
  • Ask for a schedule of routine checkups.
  • Ask when your baby should have their next shots, and bring their vaccine record to every appointment. See About Vaccines for more information.
  • If your baby has been to the hospital or seen a specialist, make sure the pediatrician knows about it.
  • If you need more time to talk, tell the doctor. In case you have more questions, ask what is the best way to follow up.

The First Things First Parent Kit was developed in partnership with Health Research for Action/UC Berkeley. © 2023 The Regents of the University of California. Additional video, graphic and other content © 2023 First Things First. All rights reserved.

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