Babies, toddlers and preschoolers learn and grow through their relationships with the caring adults in their lives – including child care professionals. So it makes sense that helping young kids be ready for success means also helping their teachers build the skills and knowledge needed to be the best teachers they can be.
Over the last decade, funding provided by First Things First to do this by providing early childhood educators with in-depth professional development that allows them to earn college credit and work toward degrees in early childhood has blossomed into 17 Communities of Practice across southern Arizona. These Communities of Practice focus on various topics critical to early learning – including examples such as promoting emergent literacy and language in family childcare homes and improving inclusion and advocacy in public preschools.
The United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona administers the program, which is called Great Expectations for Teachers, Children, and Families. It provides early childhood teachers, principals and administrators access to professional development that improves their knowledge of the development and learning of children birth to age 5.
The initiative started a decade ago with classes at Pima Community College for those interested in earning an associate degree in early childhood education and eventually expanded to the University of Arizona for those seeking their bachelor’s and master’s degrees. The six initial Communities of Practice launched with about 20 members each, and addressed topics including infant and toddler practice, inclusion, language and literacy, developmentally appropriate practice, culture and diversity and instructional support.
Degrees earned continues to rise
Over the years, the number of students who have earned degrees from Pima Community College has more than doubled. In May 2009, before the grant began, 22 students at Pima College earned associate degrees in early childhood education. The numbers have risen every year. In May 2017, 47 degrees were awarded in early childhood education.
Eventually, a master’s degree program in early childhood education was created at the University of Arizona’s College of Education. The planning and building processes began in September 2009, and the first master’s degree class enrolled in September 2011. From 2011 through 2017, a total of 19 students were awarded master’s degrees. In 2018, 19 students were enrolled in early childhood graduate degree programs, 11 in the master’s program and eight in the doctoral program.
By 2018, there were 17 Communities of Practice, including ones in Cochise County, the Vail School District, Green Valley and the Pascua Yaqui Tribal Community. In 2018, there were 530 members in the Communities of Practice.
We’re sharing stories from some of the early child professionals who have benefited from the Great Expectations program. You’ll hear firsthand how the program helped them elevate their teaching while earning college degrees in early childhood education.
As vice chair of the Sif-Oidak District on the Tohono O‘odham Nation, Marjorie Juan crisscrosses the expansive desert of the third largest Native American reservation in the country in her white pickup.
She drives by the neighborhood where she grew up, raised by her grandparents. She passes the spot where her beloved husband was killed in a car crash nearly 40 years earlier, and the child care centers where she worked for decades to support her two children.
As an elder and leader, Juan helps care for those who are often the most vulnerable in any community – children and seniors. She is a role model, inspiring the young people of her community to reach for more and to excel through education.
Juan finds joy in guiding and shaping young children.
“They are precious,” she said. “I let them know they are special. I love teaching them the social skills and to respect, share and be honest. And I tell them, ‘Don’t ever say to Teacher Margie that you can’t do it. There is a recording in your brain and the water that are rightfully ours.”
The path to earning two college degrees was not a simple one for Juan, whose career in early childhood education on the Tohono O’odham Nation spans more than three decades. At age 15, Juan left high school to have a baby. After her husband, Robert, died in 1979, Juan knew she needed an education to support her family.
“Raising a child alone, I knew I needed more,” she said.
Juggling work and family, it took 23 years for Juan to complete the coursework for her general equivalency diploma, or GED, but she never gave up.
Once Juan passed that hurdle, her dreams grew. She is a proud graduate of the Tohono O’odham Community College class of 2011 with an associate degree in early childhood education. In 2015, Juan received a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education from Prescott College.
Gaining a better understanding
Inspiring her along the journey of higher education was the Tohono O’odham Community College Community of Practice, which is one of the 16 Communities of Practice developed by United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona’s Great Expectations for Teachers, Children, and Families. Great Expectations is funded through a grant from First Things First, which partners with families and communities to help Arizona’s young children be ready for success in kindergarten and beyond.
“Marjorie is known as a born leader among tribal members,” said Elsa Bonilla, program coordinator for the Tohono O’odham Community College Community of Practice. She said Juan’s fluency in O’odham and English make her a strong leader.
“It would have been very hard for me to get my degree without the Tohono O’odham Community College Community of Practice,” Juan said. “It gave me a better understanding of the growth that takes place in early childhood, working with special needs children, working with parents, getting them involved in the school system. They helped me be a better teacher.”
Success born from tragedy
As a very young child, Juan loved her teachers and her school. But challenges within her family and in school grew to be barriers to her success. Juan was one of 11 children in a family weighed down by poverty, alcoholism and domestic violence. When her parents could no longer care for their children, they were raised by their grandparents.
O’odham was Juan’s first language, and she struggled to learn English. She was taunted by other children in her birthplace in the Hickiwan District for her handmade clothes that her grandmother sewed for her.
Long road to college
In 1980, the year after Robert’s death, Juan enrolled in GED classes, but working full-time and juggling life as a mom, she soon dropped out. A few years later, she becomes a mother for the second time with the birth of her son, Steve. Through all of life’s challenges, Juan’s determination never wavered. In 2003, she received her GED and was driven to reach for more.
“I was determined to be the person I wanted to be and to get my college degree,” she said.
Over the years, Juan moved up in the tribal preschool, working as a bus driver and then in the classroom as a teacher’s aide. She later worked at Vaya Chin Head Start as a teacher and became center director.
“I’ve always loved being in the classroom, working with children and parents.”
When Head Start required that she attain her degree, Juan enrolled at Tohono O’odham Community College. Math was still a challenge, but Juan got the support she needed through the Tohono O’odham Community College Community of Practice.
“They put us in basic math classes and I finally got it,” She said. “I would go to the tutor room in the afternoons, and ask people in the community for help. And I finally understood what I had been missing.”
Armed with a toolbox of strategies
Ultimately, the Community of Practice taught her to be a better teacher.
“The Tohono O’odham Community of Practice brought me a better understanding of the key issues of education in the growth of young children,” she said. “We are all different and we learn in different ways. We have to honor these young children that come before us by being patient and understanding them so in return they can learn to trust you.”
The Community of Practice armed Juan with a toolbox of strategies to provide developmentally appropriate activities to children, including children with special needs.
“We attended training sessions in Tucson that were very valuable, especially in working with special needs children – children with hyperactivity and autism,” she said. “They took us to Tucson to show us how the techniques work in actual classroom settings.”
When Juan walked on stage to receive her diploma at Tohono O’odham Community College in 2011, she became the first in her family to graduate from college.
Faced with challenges, she persisted
Karen McIlroy, an early childhood education consultant, was among those cheering for Juan at her graduation. McIlroy and her husband, Kit, both mentors for Prescott College, were previously co-coordinators of the Tohono O’odham Community College Community of Practice. She recalled a time when Juan needed technology accessories for her computer and was short on cash.
“She came to class one day and said, ‘I sold a cow and bought the router’,” McIlroy said. “She always found a way to solve the problem. Nothing stopped her. She was certainly an inspiration for me.”
Never too old
Juan later enrolled in online courses at Prescott College. In 2015, she took the stage to accept her diploma and to share her wisdom with other graduates.
“In 1975, I had no degree, no certificate of any kind,” Juan said during her graduation speech. “But I was very thankful that I was encouraged and looked at as a role model to teach young children. I felt one day I would get my GED and move forward. I would get my associate degree and that was as far as I wanted to go.”
That same year, Juan ran for office and became a political leader in her community as vice chair of the Sif-Oidak District. As vice chair, Juan acts in place of the chair in his absence, and the council provides resources for home improvement, senior and adult healthcare and emergency assistance.
After her service as vice chair is complete, Juan would like to return to working in early childhood education.
“I am driven to reach out to children to help so always say when you are working, ‘I can do it.’ I hear them say that when they are working – ‘I can do it.’”
Excerpted from Great Expectations Realized, a publication from United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona and First Things First.