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Healthy Teeth

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mom brushes young child's teeth to prevent cavities and promote good oral health

By age 3, children get 20 baby teeth. Even though baby teeth fall out later, taking care of them now is important for your child’s healthy development. And when you’re expecting, your oral health is very important, too.

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Parents & Caregivers OF CHILDREN BIRTH TO AGE 5

Baby teeth are important for your child’s healthy development.

Your child is born with 20 little teeth growing under their gums. The first one usually appears at about 6 months. Baby teeth help your child chew and eat, speak clearly and smile with confidence. They also hold space for your child’s permanent teeth. And when a baby tooth is lost too early — most often due to tooth decay — permanent teeth can come in crooked, crowded or not at all. Tooth decay (cavities) can also be painful, making it hard to speak, eat and learn.


Germs and sugar cause tooth decay.

Tooth decay is an infection. When germs in your child’s mouth combine with sugar — which is found in many foods — it can lead to tooth decay. The longer sugary food is on a tooth, the more time germs have to grow and cause cavities.

sugar infographic preview

INFOGRAPHIC

Learn more about what causes cavities.

View Infographic


Tooth decay is preventable. Here’s how:

1_don't share germs1. DON’T SHARE GERMS.

Your baby is born with no germs in their mouth, but germs are easily passed from yours to theirs — when you share spoons, food or lick their pacifier. Do your best to not put things from your mouth into your baby’s mouth. And taking care of your own teeth and gums — by brushing, flossing and visiting the dentist regularly — will cut down on germs in your mouth, leaving fewer to pass on to your child.

2_limit sugar2. LIMIT SUGAR.

Sugar is in many foods, especially sweets (candy, cookies, flavored yogurt and pudding), snacks (chips and french fries) and sweet drinks (soda, juice, teas and sports drinks). Try to serve more healthy foods and snacks and give your child more water to drink. When they’re older, talk to your child about “anytime” and “sometime” foods to help them — and you — limit sugary foods that cause tooth decay.

TIPS TO PREVENT BABY TOOTH DECAY:

  • Don’t put your baby to bed with a bottle or sippy cup.
  • Wean your baby off bottles by age 1.
  • Avoid giving your baby juice until age 1; then limit to 4 oz. per day and use a cup, not a bottle.
  • If your baby uses a pacifier, make sure it's clean, and don’t dip it in honey or other sugary foods.

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3_teeth at home3. TAKE CARE OF THEIR TEETH AT HOME.

  • Starting at birth, clean your baby’s gums with a clean, soft washcloth after each feeding.
  • Once their first teeth appear (usually at about 6 months), gently brush with a soft infant toothbrush and small amount of fluoride toothpaste, about the size of a grain of rice. (Fluoride is nature’s cavity fighter.)
  • From ages 1 to 3, try to brush twice a day for two minutes using a smear of fluoride toothpaste. The best times to brush are after breakfast and before bed. Starting at age 3, brush with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.
  • Look at your child’s teeth at least once a month. Healthy teeth should be all one color. See a dentist if you see white or brown spots or stains on your child’s teeth.


4_dentist check-ups4. TAKE YOUR CHILD TO REGULAR DENTAL CHECK-UPS.

Schedule your child’s first dental visit when you see their first tooth or by their first birthday. Just like they need regular check-ups with their doctor, your child needs a dental check-up starting at age 1 and every year after that to prevent tooth decay and the need for much more costly dental care later. It’s safe and easy, and dental visits for your child are covered if they are on AHCCCS or KidsCare.

tips for finding a dentist for young children in Arizona

Need help finding a dentist for your child?

Get answers to common questions and how to find a dentist in your AZ community.


Oral Health for Pregnant Women

Preparing for birth

Your health affects your baby’s health.

Just like eating right, taking vitamins and seeing your doctor while you’re pregnant, it’s important to take care of your oral health, too.

Problems with your teeth and gums can be worse during pregnancy.

And they could harm your baby. Your baby could be born too early (pre-term) or too small, and that can affect your baby’s health and development. Gum disease is caused by germs in your mouth. Signs include red, sore and bleeding gums, but you may have no symptoms.

To prevent these problems:

5_teeth when pregnantKEEP YOUR TEETH AND GUMS HEALTHY WHILE YOU’RE PREGNANT.

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss your teeth every day.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • If you have morning sickness, rinse your mouth using a teaspoon of baking soda in a cup of water after you get sick.
  • Eat more healthy snacks and avoid junk food and candy.
  • Avoid drinking soda and other sugary drinks.
  • Don’t use tobacco products.

6_dentist when pregnantAND SEE A DENTIST. IT’S IMPORTANT, AND IT’S SAFE.

Having your teeth checked and cleaned twice a year helps cut down on germs in your mouth. Dental care during pregnancy — including x-rays — is safe for you and your baby. And AHCCCS-eligible pregnant women under 21 have dental coverage.

If you need help finding a dentist:

  • Ask your doctor or healthcare provider for a referral.
  • You can also ask at Head Start or WIC.
  • Call AHCCCS at 1-855-432-7587 to discuss your emergency dental coverage.
  • For more information, visit azdhs.gov.

Don’t share germs after your baby is born.

Your baby is born with no germs in their mouth and 20 little teeth growing under their gums. Germs passed from your mouth can lead to cavities in your baby’s mouth, so don’t share spoons, don’t pre-chew their food, and don’t lick their pacifier.


Supporting Oral Health in Tribal Communities

Supporting Oral Health in Tribal Communities

American Indian and Alaska Native children ages 1 to 5 have the highest rates of tooth decay in the United States. The Strong Teeth, Strong Kid campaign is an American Indian-led statewide effort to raise awareness of the importance of good oral health.

More information and resources


The information on this page was developed through the partnership of:

ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES | ARIZONA ADVISORY COUNCIL ON INDIAN HEALTH CARE 

FIRST THINGS FIRST | MARCH OF DIMES AZ | NATIVE AMERICAN CONNECTIONS

 

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